Brake Maintenance and Care 101

The brakes are one of the most vital mechanical set of components of your vehicle. A faulty set of brakes pose a serious threat to your car and your safety. The front brakes of your cars play a greater part in stopping the car than the rear ones.

Braking throws the car weight forward on the front wheels. Thus many cars have disk brakes in the front, as they are more efficient. Rear brakes are generally drum brakes.

Modern brake systems function on hydraulics. When you step on a brake pedal, you are pushing against a plunger in a master cylinder, which forces hydraulic oil through a series of tubes to the braking unit at each wheel. It is better to know a little about the parts of the braking system in your car.

The general components of brake system are:

  • Master cylinder

  • Brake fluid

  • Brake lines

  • Equaliser valves

  • Pressure differential valve

How brakes work:

There are primarily two types of brakes, drum brakes and disc brakes.

Apart from these above brake systems, the hand brakes are vital too. All cars have mechanical handbrakes acting on two wheels, usually the rear ones. The main purpose of handbrake is as a parking brake. The parking brake is for keeping the vehicle motionless when it is parked.

The handbrake lever pulls a pair of cables linked to other brakes by a set of smaller levers, pulleys and guide. The handbrake system presses the brake linings against the drums on a drum brake system. The ratchet on the handbrake keeps the brake locked once applied. Some vehicles have a separate handbrake system with their disc brakes.

With all these parts in your brakes, there are too many things that can go wrong with it. Your brakes will let you know when they have a problem. Watch out for these tell-tale signs when braking.

  • A burning smell

  • Grinding and squealing noises.

  • The car pulling to one side.

  • Wobbling, vibrations or scraping

  • A spongy and soft pedal

  • Rear wheels lockups.

The tyres of your car also play an important part in the braking. Worn out tyres will make the brakes work harder due to lack of friction. Hence you should repair or replace your car tyres in Loughborough as per necessities.

As for brakes, here are a couple of pointers to help you get the best out of them.

Some Dos and Don’s of Successful braking:

  • Avoid sudden stops and starts

Stop n’ go city traffic can be hard on the brakes, more so if you’re hard on them yourself. Go for easy acceleration and soft braking instead.

  • Stick to speed limits

Following the conservative speed limit does pay off. Don’t tailgate, leave enough room to decelerate. This will reduce heat friction and wear at pads and rotors.

  • Avoid unnecessary weight

Overloading your car can heavily impact your brakes due to extra weight added to your vehicle. Take time out for a proper clean-up.

All these good driving habits will prevent brake failures in the long run. Still, it is recommended that you get your brake system inspected by professionals from time to time. If you are looking for brake repair in Loughborough, you can visit a reliable service station like Loughborough Refurbs.

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