Different Types of Tyre Tread Patterns

The automotive manufacturers always insist that you buy a set of good quality tyres. This is because the tyres perform a special function of keeping your vehicle in contact with the road. Tyres need to be strong, durable, and rigid, so you can enjoy your rides without the risk of accidents and collision.

The tyre tread pattern affects your vehicle’s and tyre’s performance to a great extent. The tread depth and tread blocks perform various functions that are important for keeping your vehicle moving safely and without any glitch. This blog will discuss different tread patterns, and how the tread design affects performance?

Features of tyre treads 

Sipes: We know what hydroplaning is and how dangerous it can sometimes be. The sipes are designed to channel the water away, so that aquaplaning can be avoided. Sipes are the narrow voids present on the tyre lugs.

Tread lugs: This component provides a base to all the other parts of your tread. Its objective is to deliver good traction.

Tread groove: Grooves are similar to sipes, but they are deeper and longer. The grooves form a specific pattern, specially designed for different road conditions.

Tread voids: The tread voids, like sipes, work to channel away from the water from the tyre surface. This helps in maintaining good traction.

Tread and Tyre patterns

The tread pattern, as described earlier, affects your tyre’s traction and grip. It is very important to choose the correct pattern.

Rib pattern: These are parallel X-shaped voids along the axis. Tyres with this pattern are used on hard road surfaces. Mostly these tyres are fitted on buses and trucks.

Pros

  • Good traction and stability
  • Low rolling resistance
  • Precise steering control
  • Excellent for high speeds

Cons

No adequate grip while accelerating or braking on wet roads.

Lug shaped: This tread pattern has a series of grooves perpendicular to the tyre’s circumference. These Tyres Warwickshire are designed for dirt and can be used on 4×4 tyres. You can also find them on the rear wheels of trucks and tyres.

Pros

  • Improved traction while braking and cornering
  • Outstanding grip

Cons

  • Very noisy

Block shapeThis pattern has designs of independent blocks along with the tread. These blocks are separated by interconnected grooves. Tyres with a block shape pattern are best for snowy terrains. The pattern is found on most winter Dunlop Tyres Coventry for performance cars.

Pros

  • Excellent steering and stability on wet roads
  • Good water disposal properties

Cons

  • These tyres are not durable.

Asymmetric shape: As the name suggests, asymmetric tyres have different patterns on both the sides of the tyre. Bigger blocks are present on the outer side and smaller ones on the inner side.

Pros 

  • Provides excellent cornering at high speeds
  • Decreased tread wear on the outer side

Cons

  • Can wear easily if not positioned correctly

Directional pattern: This pattern has a series of lateral grooves at the same angle on both sides of the tyre. This is one of the most common patterns and is found in many high-speed passenger cars.

Pros

  • Excellent traction and braking
  • Effectively avoids Aquaplaning

Cons

  • Can cause issues if not installed in the correct position

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