Everything You Need to Know about Tyre Tread Patterns

It goes without saying that tyres are one of the most important components of your vehicle. You should thus spend a considerable time choose the right tyres for your car. This point assumes even more importance because the type of tyre you choose and its tread will have a direct impact on both the properties of the tyre that you have bought as well as in the handling of your car.

There are many benefits that accrue from selecting the right type of Goodyear Tyres Wolverhampton tread. It helps in optimising the level of traction, enhancing the car’s steering abilities, and increases the tyre durability.

Features of a Tyre’s Tread

  •     Sipes – They are narrow voids and passageways on the lugs of the tyre. They have a width of 0.3 to 1.5mm. The goal of sipes is to enhance the traction of the tyre on a wet road. This it does by channelling water from below the tyre.
  • Tread rib – It is also called transverse voids. They are circumferential ribs that surround the tread of the tyre.
  • Tread lugs – Lugs are the primary component of a tyre’s tread. It imparts a greater amount of traction.
  • Tread groove – These are longer and deeper components of tread that are depressed. They form a distinct pattern. The shapes and sizes of tread grooves are measured to optimise a tyre’s quality. A tyre groove plays an important part in the braking and steerability of a tyre. It also exerts an influence on the noise level.
  • Tread voids – Tread voids form the space that is needed to channel water from below the tyre when you’re driving in rainy weather.

Various Types of Tyre Tread Patterns

  1. Rib tread pattern

This pattern looks like S-shaped parallel voids along the axis. This type of tread pattern offers a lower rolling resistance and better directional stability. It provides great control over steering and can easily sustain high speeds.

However, they do not give a good grip when you are braking or accelerating on wet surfaces.

  1. Lug tread pattern

This pattern contains a number of grooves that are perpendicular to the circumference of the tyre. This pattern gives greater traction and a higher grip during acceleration and braking.

However, they cause much noise when the car is being driven at a high speed.

  1. Mixed rib-lug shape tread pattern

This pattern is a mixture of the two patterns described above. This pattern gives a greater amount of directional control. Shoulder lugs impart greater driving and braking efficiency.

Since this shape is a combination of the patterns described above, so it imparts a greater amount of balanced performance.

  1. Block shape tread pattern

This pattern is characterised by designs with independent blocks that are separated by a number of interconnected grooves. This pattern offers better stability and steering ability on snow-covered and wet surfaces. The high number of grooves of this pattern leads to effective water dispersal.

A disadvantage of this pattern is that it can offer low durability.

  1. Asymmetric shape tread pattern

In this type of pattern, larger blocks are utilised on its outer side. The blocks that are inside are smaller. It contains several grooves that are effective in dispersing water outward. This pattern is a perfect option for high-speed cornering because of its bigger contact area. It also leads to a less amount of tread wear on the tyres outside.

However, this type of pattern is required to be positioned rightly because of the dissimilarities on its sides.

  1. Directional tread pattern

This pattern contains a number of lateral grooves that are placed at the same angle on both tyre sides. All the grooves are always pointing in the forward direction. But this pattern causes the tyres to be fitted with the right orientation.

After understanding all about the tread patterns and their importance in the overall functioning of your vehicle, you can better identify the purpose of a particular tread pattern. Always consult the experts at Mobile Tyre Fitting Wolverhampton if you have any doubts regarding which tyres you should go for.

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