Have you ever wondered how tyres are made?

Look around yourself and try to identify the tools that make your life easier. A human is a complex being. We are the only species on earth that went through the cognitive revolution, which was more like an enlightenment for our species. After that, our brain and mental capacity several folds and we were able to engage in activities that were not possible before. A few thousand years down the lane we created a world which we did not have the capacity to imagine when we first came on earth i.e. 15 million years ago. Owing to this phenomenal brain capacity are the tools we use right now.

Have you ever wondered how they were made? Something as simple as a pencil can also be called a machine. Why? Because it makes our life easier. There have been major technological breakthroughs in different industries between the last 300 years. One breakthrough was constructing the rubber tyre. It was different from the previous stone, wood, or steel wheel. The innovation of the wheel revolutionised the transportation sector forever. Now, it was faster, reliable, and comfortable. However, have you ever wonder how a tyre is made? This article is all about that.

Raw materials

The first and foremost requirement for manufacturing anything is raw materials. In tyres, rubber is the primary raw material that is used. Remember, both synthetic and natural rubber are used. While natural rubber is found as a milky liquid in the bark of a rubber tree, synthetic rubber is produced from the polymers found in crude oil. Another important ingredient in tyre rubber is carbon black. It is a fine, soft power created when crude oil or natural gas are burned with a limited amount of oxygen. It causes incomplete combustion which creates a large amount of soot. Other than these, sulfur and other chemicals are also used.


Another factor that comes in when we talk about manufacturing a tyre is its design. The main features of a passenger car tyre are the tread, body with sidewall, and the beads. The raised pattern in contact with the road that is present on the surface of the tyre is called the tread. It is the body that supports the tread and gives it a specific shape. What holds the tyre on the wheel is rubber covered, metal-wire bundles known as beads. It is to note that computer systems play a major role in determining tyre design.

Manufacturing process

The first step in the tyre manufacturing process is forming the rubber compound. This is done by mixing the raw materials. Last amounts of natural and synthetic rubber, carbon black, sulfur, and other chemicals are stored until needed. Computers are used to determine the quantity of each ingredient that needs to be mixed. The rubber and chemicals are stirred together in batches by gigantic mixers which hang like vertical cement mixers.

The second step is to soften each batch to further mix more chemicals. Next, the batch goes to the mixer again with added chemicals. This is known as the final mix. In all the three steps of mixing, heat and friction are applied to the batch to soften the rubber and evenly distribute the chemicals. The batch of tyres is then squeezed into batches of thick sheets. These are used to make specific parts of the tyre. The beads are formed from wire bundles on a wire wrapping machine. Lastly, the sidewall is rolled. Once the manufacturing is done, the tyres must be properly cured and tested.

At Harworth Tyres Services, we offer only high-quality tyres manufactured by premium brands. You will find the Best Tyres Worksop at our workshop. You can also visit our website to use the special tyre finder tool to browse through tyres with the specifications of your choice. We also offer Tyres Dinnington.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *