Types of treads on your tyres

The tread of your tyre is the only part of your vehicle that touches the road surface, and there is a wide range of different depths and patterns. Although some drivers take them for granted, it is particularly important to know what type of tread there are and which one will be useful for you, before purchasing a new set of tyres.

The type of tread pattern you choose will have a significant impact on the overall performance of your Summer Tyres Batley, such as how much traction they have and how they manage to move, break and speed in different types of weather and driving situations. There are four different types of treads in the market.

The best for you will depend on the road and climate conditions:

Directional (unidirectional)

This type of tread allows all the water to be removed from your tyre, thus preventing hydroplaning. It is designed to turn in one direction and generally contains arrows that show the correct direction.


The symmetrical tread uses only one pattern throughout the tyre: lugs or grooves. This type is prevalent and highly recommended as it lasts longer, and it tends to be quieter. They can be easily rotated in various ways, which prolongs their durability.

Directional / asymmetric

This type of tread is considered the best because it combines the V-shaped design of the directional treads, which helps to discharge water and takes the traction in dry weather from the asymmetric treads. It is mainly used in SUVs and larger vehicles.


The asymmetric tread is used mainly in sports cars. It combines different patterns that give your tyre better grip on dry and wet roads. The exterior regularly have larger tread blocks to increase its turning ability while driving on dry roads. The middle and inner parts are specially made for wet surfaces.

A tread is designed based on five key elements:

Rolling blocks: these are raised pieces of rubber that come into contact with the surface.

Grooves: These are channels located between the ribs of the tread and surround your tyres.

Cross grooves: provide additional water drainage.

Tread ribs: These are the raised part of the tread pattern.

Sipes: These are small indentations located in the ribs and tread blocks. Improve traction and increase the number of bite edges.

The tread patterns are specifically made to allow your tyres to have a better grip on most kinds of road surfaces, mainly on challenging roads, or on streets full of dirt, sand, or mud. When you are in any of these circumstances, the tread will allow you to enjoy a smoother and safer ride.

Once you have used your tyres for quite some time, the tread can quickly start to break. One important thing to remember is to avoid having your tread depth get below the suggested minimum level. If you feel that your tread depth has already exceeded this level, you will have trouble maintaining excellent handling and contact with the road. You will also notice that your vehicle does not brake appropriately, mainly while driving on wet or snowy roads.

It is essential to check that your Tyres Batley are in good condition and that the tread has not exceeded the required depth. If you suspect that your tread is worn, do not hesitate and find the best mechanic in town to avoid further damage to your vehicle.

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