What are tyre treads and their different patterns?

In today’s world with the automobiles reigning in full swing, life has become easier. Every day there are a plethora of advancements in the technology used in vehicles. Be it the onset of mapping technology, manufacture of fuel-efficient vehicles, automatic emergency braking or changes in the types of tyres. Of all the components of a vehicle, tyres occupy a primeval position as they form a direct link between the vehicle and road. Tyre treads are a common buzzword these days. This article will give you a sneak peek into tyre treads, their types and different patterns.

What is Tyre Tread?

A tyre tread refers to the rubber part on the circumference of the tyre which comes in contact with the surface. It has a profound use as it helps in the handling, resistance, mileage, noise, and vibrations, of the vehicle. The groovy pattern on the rubber tyres are actually made on the tyre treads. There are several kinds of patterns made on the tyre treads in order to create friction while maintaining a grip on the terrain. Each tread pattern serves its own purpose like hydroplaning resistance, sliding over snow and ice, dry handling or wet braking, etc.

Types of Tyre Tread Patterns

The tyre tread generally has three types of patterns. Based on the vehicle type and the requirement, the tread patterns should be meticulously chosen. The three types of tyre tread patterns are as follows:

Directional Tread Pattern:

Since Directional tread patterns are unidirectional, the vehicle moves in only one direction. They usually have arrow design engraved on them which displays the direction of the wheel. The advantage of this tread pattern is that it helps in preventing hydroplaning by gushing water away from the tyres. This lateral or V-shaped tread pattern helps in aquaplaning resistance even during high speeds. The directional tread pattern is commonly used in sports cars and is suited for wet roads, muddy or snowy terrains.

Symmetrical Tread Pattern:

The symmetrical tread pattern has the same design on either side of the tyre. This type of pattern doesn’t follow any specific direction and is suitable for any kind of wheel rotation, like the front to back, full X, etc. The symmetrical tread pattern is commonly used in passenger vehicles as they have a greater lifetime. They are also called ‘multi-directional’ because of their varied rotational directions. Because of their symmetry, the rolling resistance is highly reduced, thus saving fuel consumption.

Asymmetrical Tread Pattern

The Asymmetrical tread pattern has a different pattern on the front and the rear side of the tyre. Each of the tread design is suited for a special purpose. The inner tread design helps in preventing hydroplaning or aquaplaning. On the other hand, the outer tread design facilitates lateral stiffness, providing a firm grip on dry terrains. In terms of tyre rotation, they are similar to directional tread pattern as they allow only vertical rotation.

Thus, in a nutshell, detecting which type of tyre Hucknall or tyre Bestwood is needed for your vehicle might be a mammoth task. To rescue you from this dilemma, Hucknall Lane Service Center is there, providing exquisite vehicle services. Be it the car repairs, MOT, servicing or installation of tyres, it is a one-stop fulfilling all your requirements.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *